The oracle, Alexander's court historians alleged, confirmed him as both a divine personage and the legitimate Pharaoh of Egypt, though Alexander's motives in making the excursion, following his founding of Alexandria, remain to some extent inscrutable and contested.
Evidence of Christianity at Siwa is uncertain, but in 708 the Siwans resisted an Islamic army, and probably did not convert until the 12th century.
During the Second World War Libya was an important area of warfare in the North African Campaign. It was intended to supplant terms applied to Ottoman Tripolitania, the coastal region of what is today Libya having been ruled by the Ottoman Empire from 1551 to 1911, as the Eyalet of Tripolitania.
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A local manuscript mentions only seven families totaling 40 men living at the oasis in 1203.
Looking for love, friendship or just someone to spend time with?Libya was involved in the Barbary Wars of the 18th and 19th centuries. The coup leader Muammar Gaddafi ruled the country from the Libyan Cultural Revolution in 1973 until he was overthrown and killed in the Libyan Civil War of 2011. In the second Libyan Civil War ongoing since 2014, two authorities initially claimed to govern Libya: the Council of Deputies in Tobruk, and the 2014 General National Congress (GNC) in Tripoli, which considered itself the continuation of the General National Congress, elected in 2012..Ottoman rule continued until the Italian occupation of Libya resulted in the temporary Italian Libya colony from 1911 to 1943. As of July 2017 talks are still ongoing between the GNA and the Tobruk based authorities to end the strife and unify the divided establishments of the state including the Libyan Armed Forces and the Central Bank of Libya.The country is made of three historical regions, Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica.With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, and is the 16th largest country in the world. The other large city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya.You must be at least 18-years old or the age of majority where you live (whichever is greater) and agree to all of the terms below before continuing.