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The methods have varying applications, accuracy, range, and cost.Many new techniques are being developed and tested. The rise in popularity of an artifact, its period of maximum popularity, and the artifact's eventual decline would be plotted, as well as its origin and disappearance.dating SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: chronology CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: The process by which an archaeologist determines dates for objects, deposits, buildings, etc., in an attempt to situate a given phenomenon in time. WILLIAM MATTHEW FLINDERS PETRIE The Father of Egyptian Archaeology 1853 - 1942 PHOTOGRAPHS FROM DIFFERENT STAGES OF LIFE Born: William Matthew Flinders Petrie 3 June 1853 (1853-06-03) Charlton, London, England: Died: 28 July 1942 (1942-07-28) (aged 89) Jerusalem, Mandatory Palestine · Sir Flinders Petrie, in full Sir William Matthew Flinders Petrie (born June 3, 1853, Charlton, near Greenwich, London, England —died July 28, 1942, Jerusalem Flinders Petrie, archaeologist, archaeology, famous archaeologist career, famous, archaeologist, archaeology battleship curve SYNONYMS OR RELATED TERMS: battleship-shaped curve CATEGORY: technique DEFINITION: A lens-shaped seriation graph formed by plotted points representing artifact type frequencies.Relative dating, in which the order of certain events is determined, must be distinguished from absolute dating, in which figures in solar years (often with some necessary margin of error) can be applied to a particular event.Unless tied to historical records, dating by archaeological methods can only be relative -- such as stratigraphy, typology, cross-dating, and sequence dating.Even when the absolute dates are available, we have to supplement the information with relative dating.

A systematic and comprehensive inventory of the twelfth to fourteenth century representations of Christ in Portugal is yet to be undertaken.The emergence of man through the process of biological and cultural evolution is a story of long span of time.For the archaeologist and the prehistorian who deals with that long history of man, time is the most important consideration.In Portuguese medieval art, freestanding wooden sculptures representing Christ on the Cross are among the less studied typologies.For this reason, it is important to discuss and question some of the most representative works of aesthetic values and/or iconographic models that characterised this European production between the twelfth and fourteenth centuries.In fact, chronology is one of the most fundamental issues in and perhaps a characteristic of archaeology.

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